PZA - organ donation 19.04.2015

TALK ON ORGAN DONATION

On 19th April 2015, the PZA along with the D.B.Mehta Atash Adaran and the CZCR&CF held a talk on Organ Donation – The Need of the Hour by Dr. Pradip Chakraborty, MD, FRCS, FACS, who is presently the Director of Transplant services at CMRI Kolkata. The morning began with a health check up between 10 am to 11 am wherein basic blood tests, body weight and doctor’s consultation was done. 45 persons availed of this. This was followed by the doctor’s talk and audio visual presentation. Dr. Chakaraborty began by briefly talking about his medical education. After earning his medical degree from University of Calcutta, he completed his general surgery residence in the UK and was certified as fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. He then went on to complete his Transplantation Surgery Fellowship at the University of Pittsburgh, USA and then joined the faculty there as a Consultant Surgeon and Instructor of Surgery. He subsequently became Chief of Transplantation Services at Transplant Centre of Lehigh Valley, Allentown, USA, and the Clinical Assistant Professor of Surgery at Penn State University, Pennsylvania USA. He is now working in Kolkata with CMRI.

The doctor gave an early history of transplants saying that as in early as 800 B.C Indian doctors had begun grafting skin from one part of the body to another to repair wounds. In Europe, in the 16th century plastic surgery was often done but only with skin from the same patient not from another donor. In the 1900s kidney transplants were often attempted but went a failure. The first successful lung, pancreas and liver transplant took place in the 1960s.

Organ donation is the gift of an organ to help someone who needs a transplant. The generosity of donors and their families enables many people in the world every year to take on a new lease of life. The first successful kidney transplant was in 1954 and the first heart transplant took place in 1967.
Dr. Chakraborty went on to explain that once a person is declared brain dead, then he or she is dead, but the organs are still alive because they have been kept alive through artificial means as vital body functions may be maintained by an artificial support system. A brain dead person has absolutely no chance of recovering but this should NOT be mixed up with coma. The organs of a person who has died a cardiac death (as opposed to brain death) will die within minutes of the heart stopping. Therefore the only time one can donate vital organs is if he/she is in hospital and has been declared brain dead. In cardiac death it is possible to donate ones corneas and tissues i.e. bones, skin, veins, tendons, ligaments, heart valves, cartilage and even one’s body. He further went on to give the different time periods for which an organ can be kept alive after a deceased donation. He also stated that organs and tissues are always removed with the greatest of care and respect and that organ retrieval takes place in a normal operating theatre under sterile conditions by specialist doctors. Only those organs and tissue specified by the donor or their family will be removed and families are given the opportunity to spend time with their loved one after the operation if they wish. He touched upon the subjects of eligibility of donors, that is, who is eligible to make a donation and upon some myths that are attached to organ donation.

The Q and A session after the talk was “enthusiastically long” but the doctor took every question patiently and answered them all to the satisfaction of the audience.

The morning ended with a delicious lunch.


On 19th April 2015, the PZA along with the D.B.Mehta Atash Adaran and the CZCR&CF held a talk on Organ Donation – The Need of the Hour by Dr. Pradip Chakraborty, MD, FRCS, FACS, who is presently the Director of Transplant services at CMRI Kolkata. The morning began with a health check up between 10 am to 11 am wherein basic blood tests, body weight and doctor’s consultation was done. 45 persons availed of this. This was followed by the doctor’s talk and audio visual presentation. Dr. Chakaraborty began by briefly talking about his medical education. After earning his medical degree from University of Calcutta, he completed his general surgery residence in the UK and was certified as fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons. He then went on to complete his Transplantation Surgery Fellowship at the University of Pittsburgh, USA and then joined the faculty there as a Consultant Surgeon and Instructor of Surgery. He subsequently became Chief of Transplantation Services at Transplant Centre of Lehigh Valley, Allentown, USA, and the Clinical Assistant Professor of Surgery at Penn State University, Pennsylvania USA. He is now working in Kolkata with CMRI.

The doctor gave an early history of transplants saying that as in early as 800 B.C Indian doctors had begun grafting skin from one part of the body to another to repair wounds. In Europe, in the 16th century plastic surgery was often done but only with skin from the same patient not from another donor. In the 1900s kidney transplants were often attempted but went a failure. The first successful lung, pancreas and liver transplant took place in the 1960s.

Organ donation is the gift of an organ to help someone who needs a transplant. The generosity of donors and their families enables many people in the world every year to take on a new lease of life. The first successful kidney transplant was in 1954 and the first heart transplant took place in 1967.
Dr. Chakraborty went on to explain that once a person is declared brain dead, then he or she is dead, but the organs are still alive because they have been kept alive through artificial means as vital body functions may be maintained by an artificial support system. A brain dead person has absolutely no chance of recovering but this should NOT be mixed up with coma. The organs of a person who has died a cardiac death (as opposed to brain death) will die within minutes of the heart stopping. Therefore the only time one can donate vital organs is if he/she is in hospital and has been declared brain dead. In cardiac death it is possible to donate ones corneas and tissues i.e. bones, skin, veins, tendons, ligaments, heart valves, cartilage and even one’s body. He further went on to give the different time periods for which an organ can be kept alive after a deceased donation. He also stated that organs and tissues are always removed with the greatest of care and respect and that organ retrieval takes place in a normal operating theatre under sterile conditions by specialist doctors. Only those organs and tissue specified by the donor or their family will be removed and families are given the opportunity to spend time with their loved one after the operation if they wish. He touched upon the subjects of eligibility of donors, that is, who is eligible to make a donation and upon some myths that are attached to organ donation.

The Q and A session after the talk was “enthusiastically long” but the doctor took every question patiently and answered them all to the satisfaction of the audience.

The morning ended with a delicious lunch.


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